Area

Employer


Area:

Bioprocess Engineering

Sub-Area:
    Applying engineering principles to biological processes and materials to develop alternative energy sources, beneficial products, and to provide alternative strategies for dealing with household, agricultural, industrial, and municipal wastes.
  • Biological Materials Processing
    • Biodiesel
    • Ethanol
    • Other alternative energy sources
  • Processing/Bioseparation of Materials to Produce/Purify
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Oils
    • Other bio-based products
  • Treatment System Design/Operation
    • Household wastes
    • Municipal wastewater
    • Solid wastes
    • Agricultural wastes
  • Alternative Materials Production
    • i.e. Straw-based fiberboard
Employers:
  • Food processing companies
  • Manufacturing firms
  • Land grant universities
  • Research and education facilities
  • Research laboratories
  • Government agencies including:
    • U.S. and State Departments of Agriculture
    • U.S. Forest Service
    • U.S. Natural Resource Conservation Service
    • U.S. Agricultural Research Service
  • Alternative fuel production companies
  • Environmental consulting firms
  • Power/utilities companies
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Research firms

Area:

Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Sub-Area:
    Applying engineering principles to the complex environmental problems facing development and conservation of soil and water resources including soil erosion, water pollution by sediment and other contaminants from various land uses, stormwater runoff that causes flooding and damages the environment, and the impact of various land uses on aquatic ecosystems.
  • Erosion and Sediment Control
    • Construction sites
    • Reclaimed mines
    • Disturbed forests and pasture
    • Agricultural lands
  • Stormwater Management for Urban Settings to Reduce
    • Downstream flooding
    • Negative ecological impacts
  • Measuring and Monitoring Hydrologic Phenomena
    • Hydrologic elements
    • Water quality concerns
  • Protecting Water Resources from Waste-Management Operations
    • Municipal wastewater and solid waste
    • Household wastewater
    • Agricultural animal and solid wastes
    • Pesticide-contaminated rinsewater
  • Automated Characterization of Aquatic Habitat
    • Underwater video mapping
  • Development of Instrumentation and Control Systems
    • Hydrologic and water quality phenomena
Employers:
  • Land grant universities
  • Research and education facilities
  • Research laboratories
  • Government agencies including:
    • U.S. and State Departments of Agriculture
    • U.S. Forest Service
    • U.S. Natural Resource Conservation Service
    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • State Environmental and Conservation Agencies
  • State Departments of Transportation
  • Environmental design and consulting firms
  • Architectural and building firms
  • Forest product and mining companies

Area:

Machinery Systems and Controls

Sub-Area:
    Improving equipment efficiency in terms of energy, labor, and economics, while minimizing negative environmental impacts.
  • Site-Specific Control of Machinery
    (to reduce inputs/encourage optimal plant growth)
    • Agricultural tillage
    • Seeding
    • Irrigation
    • Chemical application equipment
  • Determining/Predicting the Impact of Military
  • Vehicles
    • Environmental quality of training areas
  • Control of Spraying Systems to Target Pest/Nutrient Needs
  • Development of Sensors/Control of Equipment Using Sensors
    • Crop and process yield monitors
    • Crop health monitors
    • Spray applicators
  • Collection/Use of Spatial Information
    • Global Positioning System (GPS)
    • Geographic Information System (GIS)
Employers:
  • Agricultural and construction equipment manufacturers
  • Electronic instrumentation and control companies
  • Manufacturing firms
  • Biological production, management, and design companies including:
    • Agricultural
    • Forest products
    • Nursery
    • Turf
    • Greenhouse
    • Mining
  • Agricultural and environmental design and consulting firms
  • Bulk product handling, processing, and transport manufacturers

General Information and Strategies

  • The Bachelor's degree provides a wide range of engineering career opportunities in industry, business, and government.
  • The B.S. also provides a strong foundation for pursuing technical graduate degrees, as well as professional degrees in Business Administration, Medicine, or Law.
  • Graduate degrees offer more opportunities for career advancement.
  • Related work experience obtained through co-op, internships, part-time, or summer jobs is extremely beneficial.
  • Plan informational interviews or job shadowing opportunities to make contacts in government and industry and to learn more about specific fields.
  • Engineers need to think in design, scientific and mathematical terms, and must have the ability to study data, sort out important facts, solve problems, and think analytically.
  • Engineers should be able to see how entire systems are affected and influenced by the various parts of the system.
  • Creativity is useful.
  • Other helpful traits include curiosity, technical aptitude, perseverance, a commitment to teamwork, and a basic understanding of the economic and environmental context in which engineering is practiced.
  • Develop excellent verbal and written communications skills including presentation and technical report writing.
  • Develop computer skills to assist in determining solutions to problems, collecting and analyzing data, and to control various processes.
  • Join related professional organizations.
  • Rapid changes occur in engineering fields, so continuing education and knowledge of new developments are very important.
  • All states and the District of Columbia require registration of engineers whose work may affect the life, health, or safety of the public.
  • Learn about state requirements for licensure as a Professional Engineer including the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) and the Principles of Practice of Engineering (PE) exams.