Area

Employer


Area:

Human Resources

Sub-Area:
  • Benefits
  • Compensation
  • Employee Relations
  • Human Resources Information Systems (HRIS)
  • Labor Relations
  • Selection and Placement
  • Recruiting
  • Retention
  • Occupational Safety
  • Equal Employment Opportunity
  • Diversity Issues
  • Policy Development
Employers:
  • Financial institutions
  • Hotel, restaurant, and retail chains
  • Manufacturing firms
  • Hospitals and healthcare organizations
  • Educational institutions
  • Employment and staffing agencies
  • Professional employment organizations (PEOs)
  • Other medium and large size organizations
  • Nonprofit organizations
  • Labor unions
  • Federal government agencies including:
    • Department of Labor
    • Employment Security Commission
    • Bureau of Labor
  • Local and state government agencies

Area:

Training and Development

Sub-Area:
  • Industrial Training
  • Technology Training
  • Management Development
  • Employee and Organizational Development
  • Performance Improvement
  • Organizational Change
Employers:
  • Corporate universities
  • Consulting firms
  • Manufacturing companies
  • Retail and customer service industries
  • Restaurant and hotel chains
  • Business and industry training facilities
  • Educational institutions

Area:

Non-Profit

Sub-Area:
  • Development
  • Volunteer Coordination
  • Programming
  • Administration
Employers:
  • Community agencies
  • Healthcare organizations
  • Private foundations

Area:

Business

Sub-Area:
  • Management
  • Operations Management
  • Customer Service
  • Marketing
  • Sales
Employers:
  • Public and private corporations including:
    • Retail stores
    • Banks and financial institutions
    • Insurance firms
    • Manufacturers
    • Product and service organizations

Area:

Law

Sub-Area:
  • Arbitration and Mediation
  • Labor Relations
  • Employment Law
Employers:
  • Law firms
  • Large corporations
  • Government agencies
  • Public interest legal agencies

Area:

Industrial/Organiztional Psychology

Sub-Area:
  • Organizational Development
  • Assessment and Evaluation
  • Personnel Selection
  • Performance Appraisal
  • Job Analysis
  • Individual Development
  • Labor Relations
  • Ergonomics
  • Teaching
  • Research
Employers:
  • Consulting firms
  • Educational services
  • Colleges and universities
  • Private and public companies
  • Government agencies
  • Military research organizations
  • Test preparation companies

General Information and Strategies

  • Be prepared to start in entry level positions within organizations and work up to positions of greater responsibility. Develop an area of expertise along the way.
  • Graduate education including MBA, MS, or JD qualifies one for higher salaries and positions with greater responsibility.
  • Obtain internships in an area of interest such as human resources, training, or organizational development.
  • Participate in related co-curricular activities and obtain leadership positions to broaden skills.
  • Successful human resource professionals are business-minded and well-rounded. Cultivate &qout;hard skills&qout; such as technology and statistics along with "soft skills&qout; such as mediating and advising.
  • Develop excellent communication skills, both verbal and written.
  • Demonstrate a strong desire to work with people of various backgrounds and educational levels.
  • Learn desktop publishing and other software packages.
  • Become familiar with current business literature and news.
  • Join professional associations in field of interest, such as American Society for Training and Development, Society for Human Resource Management, American Management Association, Employment Management Association, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, and others.
  • Network with human resource managers through professional association meetings and conferences.
  • After gaining two years of professional experience in human resources, prepare to take the Professional Human Resource Exam (PHR) to increase job opportunities and earning potential. Research other specialized certifications such as the Certified Employee Benefit Specialist (CEBS).